1. Generic Structure Discussion Text
Simply put, the general arrangement of the discussion text is divided into 3 sections.
1) Issue (issue)
2) Arguments (Opinion)
- Points Supporting (Opinion in Support)
- Contrasting Points (The Contrary Opinion)
Issue (Major Problems)
This issue contains the issue will be further discussed. If you want to write a text of this discussion, it helps to choose a topic of controversial issues so that you'll have a lot of arguments, good arguments in favor of or argument to the contrary. For example, the subject matter "Students Should Not Take mobile phones so as not to interfere with teaching and learning in schools".
Supporting Points (Opinion in Support)
At the points supporting this, we are required to elaborate further on the description of the problem we are discussing. If the Issue contains problems such as in the example above issue, then you have to explain in more detail about HP that could interfere with teaching and learning activities in schools.
Contrasting Points (The Contrary Opinion)
On the contrasting these points, it is good we give a different opinion with supporting points. If HP is considered a negative effect on students, then this section we shall give an opinion on the benefits of HP for students. For example, by giving the argument that HP could facilitate students in finding information on the Internet about the subjects being discussed.
Recommendation / Conclusion (Suggestions / Conclusion)
In this section, we try to take the middle ground on the issue being discussed so that the conclusions we draw no longer bring new problems. For example, in the HP above, we can give suggestions / conclusions by writing schools allow students to bring HP's origin is not activated when the teaching and learning taking place.
2. Language Feature Discussion Text
Introducing category or generic participant
- Using thinking verb; feel, hope, believe, etc.
- Using additive, contrastive, and causal connection; similarly, on the hand, however, etc.
- Using modalities; must, should, could, may, etc.
- Using adverbial of manner; deliberately, hopefully, etc.